Sunday, 5 April 2015

How to Create Easter Eggs Covered in Galaxies

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Over at Dream a Little Bigger, Allison Murray created a fun tutorial that teaches you how to make easter eggs covered in tiny galaxies and other comsic phenomena using acrylic paints, sponges, and a little ingenuity. Learn more here. (via Laughing Squid)

 
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Opportunity Mars Rover Finishes Marathon, Clocks in at Just Over 11 Years

There was no tape draped across a finish line, but NASA is celebrating a win. The agency’s Mars

The post Opportunity Mars Rover Finishes Marathon, Clocks in at Just Over 11 Years has been published on Technology Org.

 
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Your state bird could be extinct by 2080

By 2080, the skies over North America could be much emptier. A recent report from the National Audubon Society, compiled from data collected over 30 years of bird counts and surveys, shows that more than half of North America's most iconic birds are in serious danger. Of the 588 bird species surveyed, 314 are at risk for losing significant amounts of their habitat to a changing climate.

"Birds are a good barometer of the overall health and wellbeing of the natural systems we depend on for food, water, and clear air," Audubon chief scientist Gary Langham wrote in an email. "If half the birds are at risk, the natural systems we depend upon are at risk too."

(More from World Science Festival: How Alan Turing proved there's no "theory of everything" for math)

Ken Rosenberg, a conservation scientist at Cornell University's Lab of Ornithology, cautions that it can be hard to tie any one specific effect on bird populations directly to climate change — other factors like human development, pollution, and invasive species play big roles. However, both Rosenberg and Langham point to clear examples of climate change affecting the avian landscape. Many birds are shifting their ranges farther north; some migratory species are arriving in the northern areas and the endpoints of their spring migrations earlier and earlier. Higher tides and storm surges are wreaking havoc on the nesting grounds of birds like the Saltmarsh Sparrow and the albatross. And foraging birds that live in Arctic sea ice environments are in decline.

"Some land birds, like the Broad-tailed Hummingbird, are finding that the availability of food supplies no longer matches their migration cycles," Langham says. "And some seabirds, like Atlantic Puffins, are starting to run out of food as ocean temperatures change, causing adults and young to starve."

If our climate continues to change, many birds will lose significant portions of their habitat, especially those birds that live in marshes and beaches, low-lying islands and snowy mountaintops. Tropical forests could dry out, spoiling the wintering spots for migratory birds. Drought and fire could devastate the habitats of prairie birds like the sage grouse. Even tiny differences in temperature can have big impacts. The gray jay, for example, hoards perishable food to get it through the winter, relying on freezing temperatures to keep it from spoiling, but a warmer climate will short-circuit its natural refrigerator.

(More from World Science Festival: Do we live in a cosmic donut, infinite trumpet, or a space Pringle?)

"Every bird species has a 'tolerance zone' for climate conditions," Langham says. "If the climate gets too hot, too cold, too wet or too dry, birds will be forced to leave their homes — but many will have nowhere else to go."

These climate trends are set to impact birds big and small. By 2080, Audubon's model predicts the summer range for bald eagles will shrink to 26 percent of the current extent. New areas could open up for them as areas get warmer, but it isn't certain that food and nesting areas will be available to them in the new spots. Allen's hummingbird could lose up to 90 percent of its summer range. The spotted owl, already a poster child for endangered birds, is expected to lose 98 percent of its wintering grounds. Ten states could lose their state birds — Maryland's Baltimore Oriole, Vermont's Hermit Thrush and the Mountain Bluebird (claimed by both Idaho and Nevada) are all among the imperiled.

But don't count nature out of the game just yet. "A big 'wild card' is the ability of the birds themselves to adapt in ways we can't predict," Rosenberg told us. "For example, some Laysan Albatrosses have begun to nest in suburban yards and rooftops in Hawaii, as their usual nesting areas become more threatened."

Rosenberg is also concerned about how humanity's response to climate change will affect birds. In many areas, he says, sea walls are being built to protect coastal areas without taking into account how they will affect the ecosystem around them. The flow of water, nourishment of marches, and shaping of seaside habitats could all be negatively impacted by hastily built walls. And the rush to create alternative sources of energy has to be done in a smart way, he says. "Paving over fragile desert ecosystems for solar-panel fields, or placing wind farms in critical migration corridors and bottlenecks, or destroying natural habitats around the world to plant biofuels such as corn for ethanol, are NOT smart alternatives" to fossil fuels, Rosenberg says. "We will just be creating new environmental problems in an attempt to solve another."

(More from World Science Festival: There is measure in all things)

Langham urges bird lovers concerned about climate change to speak up.

"We can't afford to sit quietly on the sidelines while a well-funded oil lobby gets a small number of people to intimidate the rest of us," he says. "Decide what you want to say to your child or grandchild in 20 years. The day will come when that generation asks: What did you do to leave a better world when the science was clear? I think about my answer a lot and it motivates me to act boldly."

 
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 » see original post http://theweek.com/articles/441922/state-bird-could-extinct-by-2080

A New 100-Day Miniature Painting Project by Lorraine Loots Tackles Vintage Book Covers, the Cosmos, and Furry Animals

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As a continuation of her impossibly miniature painting project, South African artist Lorraine Loots (previously) has embarked on her latest endeavor for 2015: Potluck 100. The new series involves 100 new artworks painted in four categories: Microcosm Mondays, Tiny Tuesdays (vintage book covers), Fursdays, and Free Fridays (images of anything). All 100 paintings are being auctioned on her Instagram account and a limited edition of 10 prints for each work are being made available on her site. Loots also has an upcoming exhibition in New York at Three Kings Studio in July. (via My Modern Met)

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Curiosity Rover Finds Biologically Useful Nitrogen on Mars

A team using the Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument suite aboard NASA’s Curiosity rover has made the

The post Curiosity Rover Finds Biologically Useful Nitrogen on Mars has been published on Technology Org.

 
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